5 elephant species lived 8 million years ago in central Turkey


KAYSERI from Turkey

Nearly 8 million years ago, five species of elephants, known as the ancestor of elephants, lived in what is now central Turkey, according to an archeology expert.

Oksan Basoglu, professor of archeology at Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University, who is leading the excavation, told Anadolu Agency that a wide variety of fossils such as that of giraffes, deer and antelopes, as well as five different species of elephants, have been found.

Noting that the fossils date back around 7.5 to 8 million years, following assessments, Basoglu said studies on the subject are continuing.

Fossil recovery excavations, initiated by the Metropolitan Municipality of Kayseri Province in 2017, are being carried out on the shore of the Yamula Dam on the Kizilirmak River, when seasonal conditions permit.

Fossils belonging to various animals found during the excavations are carefully cleaned and carefully preserved by archaeological experts from the Kayseri Science Center.

Basoglu pointed out that the most interesting piece among those found was a complete elephant skull fossil belonging to Choerolophodon Pentelici, known as the ancestor of elephants.

“This is the only fully discovered sample. The species is also important. It is a rare species in the world,” he said.

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