More than 3,500-year-old skeletons of young man and dog found killed by Santorini volcano



Archaeologists from the west coast of modern Turkey (ancient Greek Ionia) have discovered the skeletal remains of a young man and a dog, which were killed by a tsunami triggered by the eruption of the Thera volcano on the island of Santorini 3,600 years ago reports the Daily Mail.

According to the report, archaeologists found the pair of skeletons during excavations at Çeşme-Bağlararası, a Late Bronze Age site near Çeşme Bay on the west coast of Turkey.

“Although the Thera eruption is one of the greatest natural disasters in recorded history, it is the first time that the remains of the victims of the event have been discovered.

“In addition, the presence of tsunami deposits at Çeşme-Bağlararası shows that great destructive waves arrived in the northern Aegean Sea after the rise of Thera.

“Previously, based on the available evidence, it was assumed that this area of ​​the Mediterranean only received the ash fallout from the Thera eruption.

“Instead, it now appears that the Çeşme Bay area has been hit by a sequence of tsunamis, devastating local settlements and leading to rescue efforts.

“Thera – now a caldera in the center of the Greek island of Santorini – is famous for how its tsunamis are said to have ended Minoan civilization on neighboring Crete.”


RESOURCE | ABOUT IONIA

Ionia was an ancient region in the central part of the west coast of Anatolia in present-day Turkey, the region closest to Izmir, which was historically Smyrna. It consisted of the northernmost territories of the Ionian League of Greek Colonies. Never a unified state, it was named after the Ionian tribe who in Archaic times (600-480 BC. The Ionian states were identified by tradition and by their use of Eastern Greek.

Ionia proper consisted of a narrow coastal strip stretching from Phocea in the north near the mouth of the Hermus River (now the Gediz), to Miletus in the south near the mouth of the Meander River, and included the islands of Chios and Samos. It was bounded by Aeolia to the north, Lydia to the east and Caria to the south. Cities in the region played an important role in the conflict between the Persian Empire and the Greeks.

According to Greek tradition, the cities of Ionia were founded by settlers from across the Aegean Sea. Their installation was linked to the legendary story of the Ionic people of Attica, who claim that the settlers were ruled by Nelea and Androclus, sons of Codrus, the last king of Athens. In accordance with this view, the “ionic migration”, as later chronologists called it, was dated by them to one hundred and forty years after the Trojan War, or sixty years after the return of the Heraclids to the Peloponnese.

Ionia has a long list of distinguished men of letters and sciences (notably the Ionian school of philosophy) and a separate art school. This school flourished between 700 and 500 BC. The great names of this school are Theodorus and Rhoecus of Samos; Bathycles of Magnesia on the Meander; Glaucus of Chios, Melas, Micciade, Archermus, Bupalus and Athenis of Chios. Notable works of the school still extant are the famous archaic female statues found on the Athenian Acropolis in 1885-1887, the seated statues of Branchidae, the Nike of Archermus found in Delos, and the ivory and electrum objects found by DG Hogarth in the lower strata of Artemision in Ephesus.

The Persian designation of Greek is Younan (یونان), a transliteration of “Ionia”, in Old Persian Yauna.[14] The same goes for the Hebrew word “Yavan” (יוון) and the Sanskrit word “yavana”. The word was later adopted in Arabic, Turkish and Urdu as well as other places.

Keywords:
Cesme Bay, Greece, Greek news, Ionia, Ionian League, Final Bronze Age, Minoan civilization, North Aegean, Santorini, Thera, Turkey


Previous "No intervention on December 20 when the Turkish lira rebounded"
Next New omicron outbreak hits Australia, disrupting reopening economy