Treasure of relics donated by two Iranian families on display at Tehran museum

TEHRAN — A treasure trove of relics, donated by two Iranian families, has been put on display at the National Museum of Iran in downtown Tehran.

“The treasure includes some 1,500 objects, some of which date back 7,000 years,” museum director Jebrael Nokandeh told ISNA on Wednesday.

“Since the collection was handed over to the National Museum almost a week ago, during this period, the archaeological authenticity of around a thousand pieces has been confirmed,” Nokandeh said.

“Determining the authenticity of the others requires more detailed research and study, however, so far some of which have been found to lack originality.”

The collection includes items resembling; bronzes from Luristan (Lorestan); Sasanian silver vessels mined from northern Iran and what was mined from Shahdad region in Kerman, the official explained.

Additionally, the snack includes a variety of coins dating back to the Achaemenid era, bracelets, necklaces, crossbows, swords and bows, the official noted.

The majority of donated items are made from iron, bronze, gold and copper, Nokandeh added.

The Luristan bronzes include small molded objects decorated with early Iron Age bronze sculptures, found in large numbers in Lorestan and its neighboring province of Kermanshah in western Iran. Lorestan was inhabited by Iranian Indo-European peoples, including the Medes, c. 1000 BC. The Cimmerians and Scythians ruled the region intermittently from around 700 to 625 BC. The Luristan bronzes, renowned for their eclectic array of Assyrian, Babylonian and Iranian artistic motifs, date from this turbulent period.

Lorestan was incorporated into the growing Achaemenid Empire around 540 BC and was successively part of the Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian dynasties.

In many ways, Iran under Sasanian rule witnessed the extraordinary achievements of Persian civilization. Experts say that during the Sasanian era (224-651 CE), the nation’s art and architecture experienced a general renaissance. In 2018, UNESCO added the “Sasanian Archaeological Landscape of the Fars Region”, which is a collection of historic Sasanian cities in southern Iran, to its World Heritage List. At this time, trades such as metalworking and gemstone engraving became very sophisticated, as scholarship was encouraged by the state; many works from East and West have been translated into Pahlavi, the official language of the Sassanids.

In terms of coins and currency, according to Encyclopedia Iranica, standardized units of metal used as a medium of exchange were first introduced to Persia during the reign of the Achaemenid Darius I (521-486 BC). .

The essential advantage of using metals for currency, besides durability, is that they can be shaped by melting and casting. Casting has therefore always been an integral part of the part manufacturing process.

Achaemenid [Persian] Empire was the largest and most enduring empire of its time. The empire stretched from Ethiopia, through Egypt, Greece, Anatolia (modern Turkey), Central Asia and India.

Filled with priceless artifacts illustrating the nation’s juicy history, the National Museum displays ceramics, pottery, stone figures and sculptures, mostly from excavations at Persepolis, Ismail Abad (near Qazvin), Shush, Rey and Turang Tappeh to name a few.

The National Museum’s main building, designed by French architect André Godard and completed in 1928, is one of Tehran’s most attractive modern buildings, blending Sasanian principles such as the grand iwan-style entrance with traditional brickwork. art Deco.

Inside, among Shush’s finds are a stone capital of a winged lion, delightful animal-shaped pitchers and vessels, and colorful glazed bricks decorated with mythical double-winged creatures. A copy of the diorite stele detailing the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi, found at Susa in 1901, is also on display – the original being in Paris.


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