Turkey’s Mission Expansion | Column


Some nations have histories, cultures, civilizations and great empires. And over time, these empires and administrative cultures are believed to have disappeared. When you look at the world in the 14th century, there was almost Turkish dominance from Central Asia to Europe: the Great Timurid Empire in Transoxiana, the Mughal Shah, who ruled India for many years, the Golden Horde, who ruled today’s Russia from coast to coast, the Ottoman Empire from the Middle East to the Balkans, the Iranian Shah in Iran and Egypt. The Mamluks of the Middle East were also empires under Turkish rule.

At the end of the age of empires, especially in a world war that began with competition from England, France and Germany, one end of the frontier of the Ottoman Empire was still in Galicia , one end in Yemen, the other in Libya, Chad and Saudi Arabia. It was on the peninsula and the Caucasus. In the Balkans, today’s Macedonia and Thessaloniki were still Ottoman territories. When World War I ended and empires faded from the scene, the last empire of the Turks, the Ottoman Empire, also came to an end.

While nearly half of the world was colonized by England, France or Western states after the war, the War of Independence began in Anatolia and Turkey was re-established as a nation state by declaring his independence. When the Republic of Turkey was founded and its mission as a nation-state emerged, the ruling states of the world were convinced that Turkey would never regain its former mission, or they did everything not to identify Turkey as a nation with a clear roadmap.

Frozen Civilization

It is important to use the phrase “not a destroyed civilization, but a frozen civilization” for the Ottoman legacy. In fact, we can have a very good discussion of the Freeze Theory in this statement. In other words, we can negotiate with certain situations that one day it will be able to come alive, the block of ice will be dissolved and it will fulfill the mission that it occupied in the story.

When the Cold War ended, many countries in eastern and western Turkey declared their independence. Turgut Özal, the former prime minister of Turkey, was one of the leaders who saw this void in the world for the first time, and he used the phrase “the Turkish world from the Adriatic to the Great Wall of China” because states like today’s Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan have in turn declared their independence from Russia. They quickly launched direct political and diplomatic relations with Turkey. Today, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Ukraine in the Balkans sometimes resemble Bulgaria’s relations with Turkey a hundred years ago. We have seen how valuable Turkey’s balanced position was for the Ukrainians in the Russian-Ukrainian war.

Although Turkey’s economic growth over the past 20 years has not been strong enough to support the foreign policy mission of a regional power, Turkey’s mission naturally widens due to new strategic balances in the world and the vacuum created by world powers.

Today, when a problem arises in Afghanistan, Turkey is in a position of cornerstone of the negotiations. Turkey is a direct party to the stability of Libya. Turkey is part of the process of relations between Azerbaijan and Armenia in Karabakh. He maintained the same position during the Ukraine-Russia war. To this day, Syria, Russia and Turkey are negotiating for Syria’s security to end the suffering of the Syrian people. Relations conducted in the Middle East, the reorganization of relations with Israel-Saudi Arabia and Egypt, the exploration of Turkey’s natural gas in the Mediterranean and Turkey-Greece relations are all signs of the expansion of the mission. from Turkey. Although Turkey’s power stems from its historical potential and its mission, the government that prepared Turkey in accordance with its future formation is also an influential factor.

When there is a leadership crisis in the world and there are no charismatic leaders to manage many European countries, it is important to have a leader like President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan who is experienced, knows what he does, has a deep knowledge of foreign policy and can sit down and negotiate with all world leaders on an equal footing. Furthermore, the future expectations of the people and the identification of the identity of the leader are among the factors affecting the expansion of Turkey’s mission.

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