Gürbulak border gate and transit center

Project description

Located east of the city center of Ağrı Province, between the borders of Türkiye and Iran, Gürbulak Border Gate and Transit Center was designed by Aura Design Studio as the third largest border gate in Türkiye. The project is centered on a busy connection point for regional logistics networks, bus and truck lines and passenger transits. Designed to eliminate existing infrastructure, logistics, security and spatial gaps, the area encompassed in the project has been expanded, all structures have been redesigned and new buildings have been added. Aura Design Studio provided the master plan for 32 different buildings with a closed area of ​​80,000 square meters, which should be erected on an area of ​​approximately 324,000 square meters, with BIM coordination of all structures.

The symbolic connection gate between Turkey and Iran

With the aim of achieving a safe, efficient and user-centric design, as well as creating a spacious and welcoming border crossing place inspired by traditional Anatolian archaeological motifs, the entire project phase was completed in 2021, while The site is currently under construction. The gateways in question carry many meanings symbolizing the ties between Turkey and Iran. For example, the double-headed eagle is an important element of Turkic and Altai mythology perched at Heaven’s Gate. It symbolizes night and day, white and black, light and dark, and the double contrasts in the universe. While the double-headed eagle motif was an important element of the Seljuk state flag and coat of arms. It has been found in works of art dating from the Sumerian and Hittite civilizations. From them, this symbolism passed to the Acadian, Assyrian, Sasanian and Byzantine civilizations. While this was the situation in Anatolia, the eagle also guarded the steel gate between Earth and Heaven in Central Asia based on beliefs based on shamanism. Entities in the form of birds accompanied people on their journeys to Heaven as well as on Earth. Among all species of birds, the eagle is the epitome of greatness and height.

Influenced by this symbol, entrance arches reminiscent of the symbol of the double-headed eagle were designed for the Anatolian Gateway. Day and night perceptions of all buildings in the border area, which will operate around the clock, were given equal importance. Special facade lighting systems have been incorporated into the design.

New forms of permeability were sought through the vertebrae inspired by majestic and elevated themes in the patterns as well as the surrounding free forms.

Strong relationship established with topography

The reception areas are located at the edge of the zone so that the strategic points of the topography are exploited in such a way as to facilitate maximum use of space. Separate security points have been created at the border gates for buses, cars and pedestrians entering the area, the passenger structure including the passenger lounge has been designed to facilitate the entry and exit of two different levels. Tunnel structures with interior courtyards have been designed to organize the safe entry and exit of passengers. The structure was taken over as a terminal structure encompassing commercial, social and security units.

The administrative and commercial buildings have been designed with the architectural program and facade concept that will attract visitors to the area inside while meeting the requirements of different security levels. The area includes passenger hall structure, administrative and commercial complex structures, research hangars, x-ray structures, examination platform structures, technical structure, narcotics detector, shelter for dogs, a contraband warehouse, a building for veterinary control and agricultural quarantine, a regional directorate, a mosque, as well as the borders of entry from Iran and exit from Turkey in its suite.

The concept, the choice of materials and the structural elements of the facade in question were determined taking into account the geographical characteristics of the building, with the aim of sustainable design in accordance with the harshness of the climate.

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