Factbox: Deadly Istanbul blast echoes past attacks in Turkey

ISTANBUL, Nov 14 (Reuters) – Turkey has blamed Kurdish militants for an explosion that killed six people on a busy Istanbul shopping street on Sunday, and police have arrested a Syrian woman suspected of planting the bomb among a series of 47 arrests.

The blast, the first to hit Istanbul in several years, reminded Turks of a wave of attacks by various militant groups targeting Turkish cities between mid-2015 and early 2017.

Here are some of these deadly attacks:

January 5, 2017 – A Turkish police officer and a courthouse worker were killed by a car bomb in the Aegean coastal city of Izmir while at least 10 people were injured. Authorities said militants from the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) were behind the attack.

December 31, 2016 – Islamic State has claimed responsibility for a shooting on New Year’s Day in which 39 people were killed after a sniper opened fire in a crowded Istanbul nightclub.

December 17, 2016 – A car bomb killed 13 soldiers and injured 56 when it rammed a bus carrying off-duty military personnel in the central town of Kayseri. A branch of the PKK claimed responsibility for the attack.

December 10, 2016 – Two bomb attacks, one planted in a car and the other strapped to a suicide bomber, killed 44 people, most of them police officers, and injured more than 150 outside a football stadium in ‘Istanbul. A branch of the PKK, the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK), claimed responsibility for the attack.

August 26, 2016 – A suicide bomb attack on a truck at a police headquarters in Kurdish-majority southeast Turkey left at least 11 people dead and dozens injured. The PKK claimed responsibility for the attack.

August 20, 2016 – A suicide bomber carried out an attack on a wedding party in the southeastern Turkish city of Gaziantep, killing at least 51 people. President Tayyip Erdogan said the attacker worked with Islamic State.

A view of ambulances and police at the scene after an explosion in the busy pedestrianized Istiklal street in Istanbul, Turkey, November 13, 2022. REUTERS/Kemal Aslan

June 28, 2016 – A triple suicide bombing and gun attack killed 45 people and injured more than 160 at Istanbul’s main airport. Turkey has given life sentences to people linked to the perpetrators of the attack, suspected of having been involved in the Islamic State.

May 12, 2016 – Explosives detonated in a village in southeastern Turkey killed 16 people and were intended for use in a suicide bombing in neighboring Diyarbakir province. Kurdish militants are believed to have carried the explosives, security sources said.

March 19, 2016 – A suicide bomber killed four people in a busy shopping area on Istiklal Street in the heart of Istanbul. Authorities confirmed the deaths of three Israelis, two of whom had dual US citizenship, and one Iranian citizen as a result of the blast. Authorities said a Turkish member of the Islamic State militant group was responsible for the attack.

March 13, 2016 – Thirty-seven people were killed when a car bomb exploded in a crowded transport hub in the heart of the Turkish capital, Ankara.

February 17, 2016 – Twenty-eight people were killed and dozens injured in Ankara when a car loaded with explosives exploded next to military buses near the headquarters of the armed forces, parliament and other government buildings.

January 12, 2016 – A suicide bomber killed at least 10 people, mostly German tourists, in the historic heart of Istanbul in an attack authorities later blamed on Islamic State.

October 10, 2015 – Two bomb attacks in Ankara killed more than 100 people outside the city’s main train station. Turkish courts have imprisoned alleged perpetrators linked to the Islamic State for life.

September 8, 2015 – Kurdish militants killed 15 policemen in two bomb attacks in eastern Turkey’s provinces of Mardin and Igdir.

July 20, 2015 – An Islamic State suicide bomber killed more than 30 people, mostly young students, in an attack on the predominantly Kurdish town of Suruc, near the Syrian border.

Reporting by Azra Ceylan in Istanbul and Canan Sevgili and Halilcan Soran in Gdansk Editing by Gareth Jones

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